Kleve Model United Nations (KleMUN)
Kleve Model United Nations Conference (KleMUN) is a student-organized conference that takes place every year in November. During those 4 days the United Nations come to the idyllic town of Kleve, as every student plays the role of a diplomat representing a country, an organisation or a firm –just like in real life. In each of the six committees of this UN simulation the students intensely debate about important and critical issues of the international community. The discussions are open and suitable for everyone, from the first-time fresher to the already far advanced MUN expert. Whatever your level is, be ready to have a thrilling time in and outside the conference rooms, as there will be great social events going on as well. An evening in a bar to get to know your fellow delegates or even the delegates' ball to feel the glamour. KleMUN is a great chance to meet new and passionate people from all over the globe. But be aware, you might get the MUN-fever! This year's conference takes place from 15th to 18th November with the topic: "Because It's Our World".
This conference is held in English. Our Committees are the following:
Disarmament and International Security Committee
Topic A: Non-state Armed Groups and State-sponsored Terrorism in the Kashmir Region.
Topic B:Combating the Weapon Flow in the Middle East with Respect to the Syrian Civil War.
The Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC), also known as the UN General Assembly’s First Committee, at Kleve Model United Nations 2018 will deal with two highly interesting and current topics. Topic A being “Non-state Armed Groups and State-sponsored Terrorism in the Kashmir Region”, which concerns different countries most predominantly India, Pakistan and China. Since the end of the British reign, the region is heavily disputed between the three nations, whereby India and Pakistan - two nuclear powers - are the greatest enemies. This conflict fuels many different more or less independent parties on either side some fighting out of religious convictions some fighting for the one or the other state some even demanding complete independence and sovereignty of the territory of Kashmir. DISEC at KleMUN will discuss the means necessary to limit governments’ influence on the activity of non-state armed groups and militias in the region in an effort to ease civilian suffering and pave the way to this dispute’s resolution. Topic B of this year’s DISEC will be “Combating the Weapon Flow in the Middle East with Respect to the Syrian Civil War”. The Syrian Conflict having gone into its 7th year in 2018 seems only to be ending hesitantly with new fights erupting from time to time and the accusations of chemical weapon usage still in memory. Weapons used in the Syrian Civil War often are weapons that were used in previous conflicts in the Middle East, mainly in Iraq. But how did they end up there? DISEC at KleMUN 2018 will look into ways the different conflict groups accumulated their weaponry, the complicated network of alliances in the region and how the global powers try to influence the conflict in their interest.
Commission on the Status of Women
Topic A: Reducing Gender Based Discrimination and Violence towards Girls
Topic B: Women’s Reproductive and Labour Rights
This year’s KleMUN also involves a premiere: the Commission on the Status of Women will be included for the first time! This Committee has a special focus on Women’s Rights and the situation of Women and Girls around the world. The topics in this committee deal with all-embracing issues that affect every civilisation around the globe in one way or another. Topic A this year “Reducing Gender Based Discrimination and Violence towards Girls” emphasizes on the position of especially young women and girls in their communities. In many countries girls are handled differently from a young age, they are given less leeway and are often hindered from exercising the same rights as their fellow male citizens. In large parts of the world they receive a significantly lesser degree and amount of education because they have to help in the household or are married off at a young age. Some aren’t allowed sovereignty over their own body and suffer from the consequences of widespread practices such as female genital mutilation or breast ironing. The Commission on the Status of Women at KleMUN will work on formulating a resolution that will effectively tackle all these problems and introduce feasible solutions to problems of implementation. Topic B at this year’s conference is dealing with “Women’s Reproductive and Labour Rights”. Even among the most socially advanced countries, Women are often at a loss when it comes to equality at the workplace. This starts early on in the hiring process and manifests itself in the phenomenon of the “Gender-Pay-Gap”. Combining both family life and a professional career is a difficult task for many women around the world. There are many institutionalised hurdles to overcome. Additionally to difficulties at the workplace, in a vast part of the world many women face immense limitations to their bodily sovereignty when it comes to their reproductive rights. There are a lot of issues to be addressed and there is a lot that needs to be done. Let us get together in this Committee to work on improving the situation for half the world’s population.
United Nations Historic Security Council
Topic A: The Palestine Question: Status of Compliance with Ceasefire Agreements
Topic B: Crisis
This year’s KleMUN brings back a very dear and old friend: The Historic United Nations Security Council! You will have the opportunity to not only slip into the role of a state’s representative but to also be a leading diplomat on the world stage of past days, because this committee is set back in 1956. Delegates will find themselves in the year that both German Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier and the British Prime minister Theresa May were born, Elvis Presley first performed “Hound Dog” and scandalised the televised world with his suggestive hip movements, and the United States of America got their official national motto “In God We Trust”. But the delegates will not only face the difficulty of traveling back in time but they will also face one of the most recent and challenging conflicts both back in these days and nowadays: the so-called Palestine Question. After the Second World War with all of its crimes ended, the international community represented by the United Nations decided to grant the Jewish people to establish a national home for them in the Middle East on land that has previously been inhabited predominantly by Arab people. Several armed riots, even wars, and a decade later, the region is still deeply in trouble with multiple armistice agreements being blatantly disregarded by all sides. In 1956, it is time for further action and new attempts by the international community to final settlement in peace for the region. As the second topic of this committee, the delegates will find themselves in an interactive crisis of fast-changing circumstances, which we as organisers are especially proud to present to you. But for further details on the situation the delegates will have to tackle in the crisis, you will have to wait for the conference to begin.
Special Political and Decolonization Committee
Topic A: The Question of the Right to Self-determination of Peoples
Topic B: The Status of Sinti and Roma People in Europe and the Balkans
SPECPOL, or the Special Political and Decolonization Committee, at this year’s KleMUN will deal with an all-embracing topic that could not be more relevant in these days. “The question of the right to self-determination of peoples” is Topic A and a highly debated area of international law. Ever since there have been the very first state-like compounds of nations, there have also been region seeking independence. UN Declarations have defined the right to self-determination with the words “[...] by virtue of that right they [the peoples] freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development”. The different understandings and interpretations of this right have caused numerous conflicts all around the world. Many ethnic groups have taken it to back up their claims to independence. From Catalonia to the Scots to the Kurdish, we can observe such movements around the world and across cultural lines, not to forget the more or less serious and well-known claims of the Tamils, Tibet, Texas, Balochistan, Abkhazia, Kosovo, South Ossetia, Khalistan, Crimea, Cascadia and Bavaria. Wherever people seek (more) independence from a central government, political conflicts and disputes are to be expected with two unequally equipped parties involved, which can lead to violent riots or long-lasting civil wars. In what ways may foreign actors and governments or the United Nations themselves interfere in these conflicts and for example mediate between the parties or even support one side of the argument? How can one combine motions of separatism and the idea of the unitary state? Topic B of this years SPECPOL deals with an almost forgotten situation: “The Status of Sinti and Roma People in Europe and the Balkans”. Sinti and Roma People are an ethnic group of originally nomadic people in Europe, derogatorily also referred to as “the Gypsies” or “Tzigane”. They form historically established minorities in their respective countries of nationality and call themselves Sinti or Roma, whereby Sinti refers to members of the minority living in Western and Central Europe and Roma to those of eastern and southeast European/Balkan origin. Roma is used as a name for the complete minority outside German-speaking areas. Sinti and Roma have been stigmatized throughout times and were also persecuted under Hitler, where they fell victim to genocide. Today, a lot of Sinti and Roma are still facing discrimination and stigmatization, not only by other Europeans but also structurally by their respective governments. They struggle with getting legal documents to prove their existence, without which most of the aspects of civilian life in Europe are impossible. Because of this, they are subject to random land-grabbing, have trouble to send their kids to regular schools and to find legal work.
In this years SPECPOL, delegates will explore the topic in depth and jointly work on a declaration in order to help improve the situation.
Topic A: Possibility of Meeting the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals under the Upcoming International Tariffs on Trade
Topic B: Social Entrepreneurship as a Model to Promote Sustainable Growth
With current governmental endeavors to counter global warming, deforestation, excessive plastic utilisation and other factors that keep endangering our planet, wouldn’t it be interesting to witness the vast possibilities multinational firms and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) can offer to assist in the matters of saving the environment? If worked towards cooperatively, corporations can namely promote sustainable development even further. This committee’s topics aim to find clear answers that drive corporate representatives to balance between their company’s futuristic agendas and their effect on the environment, resulting in a more sustainable way of thinking and practice. Optimistic plans for the future have recently started to slow down, with tariff after tariff being announced between countries. An escalation of such might even threaten to end in trade wars. It is henceforth vital for multinational companies to discuss this important shift in international trade, bearing in mind its impact on sustainable development. This is to be done in Topic A, ”Possibility of meeting the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals under the upcoming international tariffs on trade”. The committee also grants participants enough room to shed light on the importance of social impulsion in another form: the role of business ideas in reshaping communities or societies to the better. Companies - along with NGOs - will gather around the table to exchange detailedly crafted plans for promoting sustainable growth through social entrepreneurship. This would be the subject of Topic B “ Social Entrepreneurship to promote sustainable growth”. So, what will you do: Will you favor mother earth over the company that paychecks you? Will you look at the other firm representatives as greedy competitors or as cooperatives? Will you look into benefiting the communities that surround you through your company’s initiated welfare programs? Will you listen to what your NGO-counterparts urge you to consider? Dive into the precisely simulated experience of a Global Compact session, the UN initiative that aims at encouraging multinational corporations to take more sustainable and environmentally aware policies.
United Nations Environment Programme
Topic A: Sustainable Tourism for Poverty Eradication and the Preservation of the Environment
Topic B: Preventing the Extinction of Pollinators
The United Nations Environment Programme or in short UNEP, is the UN’s agency for environmental activities, which assists especially developing countries in the development of sustainable environmental policies. This year’s topic A for UNEP at KleMUN will deal with “Sustainable Tourism for Poverty Eradication and the Preservation of the Environment”. The Tourism industry worldwide makes up a large factor of environmental pollution, and the greenhouse gases emitted by travel contribute significantly to Global Warming. Should countries work towards international or domestic regulations to counter this problem? What would be the possibilities to incentivise the Tourism industry to focus on more sustainable products and offers? Not only does the high amount of tourists flying around the globe contribute to Global Warming, but it also creates other problems for a lot of their favorite holiday destinations in warm and dry regions of the world. Always in a high need of water, places which are very dependent on the tourism industry often suffer under large masses of Tourists and their lavish needs.Tourism into developing countries has also become more popular in the recent years, causing a variety of problems for these countries, from cultural misunderstandings to abuse, to abuse of resources and sometimes the destruction of the natural surroundings in order to build touristic housing. UNEP at Kleve Model United Nations 2018 will explore this topic further and discuss possibilities of international solutions to these problems. Topic B at this year’s conference will be “Preventing the Extinction of Pollinators”, an issue much more pressing that we would like to realize. Pollinators such as bees, wasps and butterflies have dramatically declined in population during the past decades. Their existence however is vitally important for the food chain, as they work to pollinate a wide range of plants which produce the fruit and vegetables we consume. The high use of chemicals in agriculture around the world has done great harm to their populations. If they go extinct, there would be fewer flowers, fewer fruit and vegetables, fewer plants. UNEP at KleMUN will discuss what possibilities and responsibility governments and states have in order to prevent the extinction of such pollinators.