Bionics (from WS 19/20)
What is Bionics?
The natural world as a source of engineering inspiration – that’s the core idea behind the fields bionics, a combination of the terms “biology” and “technics”, which means engineering in this context. In English, the approach of combining biology and engineering is often called biomimetics. The basic principle of biomimetics is learning from nature. The idea on bionics/biomimetics is to understand the principles and systems behind nature’s constructions and to transfer them to technical systems and devices.
One major application of biomimetics is the field of biomaterials. Spider silk, for example, is both light and flexible and three times stronger than steel. Such material properties are of interest for various technical fibers. In robotics, animal models such as geckos are used as inspiration for the development of climbing robots. Another application is the development of water-repellent, self-cleaning materials, which were inspired by the surface structure of the lotus leaf.
Experts in bionics/biomimetics work in a highly interdisciplinary field which requires expertise in both engineering and biology. What‘s more, interest in potential uses for bio-inspired materials and machinery continues to grow in many sectors and industries, creating a growing demand for specialists in these fields.
Potential areas of employment for graduates are:
Industries and research institutions focusing on micro-/nanotechnology
Service providers and experts specialising in biomimetics